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fealtyAn oath of fealty, from the Latin fidelitas (faithfulness), is a pledge of allegiance of one person to another. Typically the oath is made upon a religious object such as a Bible or saint’s relic, often contained within an altar, thus binding the oath-taker before God.
In medieval Europe, fealty was sworn between two people, the obliged person (vassal) and a person of rank (lord). This was done as part of a formal commendation ceremony to create a feudal relationship.
Fealty and homage are a key element of feudalism.
feudalismis a set of reciprocal legal and military obligations among the warrior nobility, revolving around the three key concepts of lords, vassals and fiefs (click for more)
in capitein capite or tenant-in-chief, sometimes vassal-in-chief , denoted the nobles who held their lands as tenants directly from king or territorial prince to whom they did homage, as opposed to holding them from another nobleman or senior member of the clergy. Other names for tenant-in-chief were captal or baron.
old extentIn the phrases old extent and new extent, the names given to the general valuations of land in Scotland for the purposes of taxation, casualty assessment and franchise. The old extent was made in the reign of Alexander III, the new, as a result of the improvement of land and altered money values, in 1474. Later valuations were generally calculated in multiples of old extent, until superseded in the 17th century by valued rent.
purveyanceis the feudal right of the Crown to requisition goods and services, purchased on credit, for royal use whilst his household travelled through the country or during military campaigns (click for more)
purveyorBeginning as early as the 14th century, a grocer (also called purveyor) was a dealer in comestible dry goods such as spices, pepper, sugar, and (later) cocoa, tea and coffee. These items were bought in bulk, hence the term grocer from the French “grossier” meaning wholesaler.
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